I   INTRODUCTION Judaism, religious culture of the Jews (also known as the people of Israel); one of the world’s oldest continuing religious traditions. The terms Judaism and religion do not exist in premodern Hebrew. The Jews spoke of Torah, God’s revealed instruction to Israel, which mandated both a worldview and a way of life—Halakhah.… Read More


  Joshua, book of the Old Testament. According to the traditional view, its author was Joshua, the military leader and hero chosen by Moses to be his successor and to lead the Israelites out of Egypt and into the Promised Land. Most modern biblical scholars, however, reject this view; their… Read More


  I   INTRODUCTION Jonah, book of the Old Testament, one of 12 brief prophetic books known, chiefly because of their brevity, as the Minor Prophets. II   CONTENTS The book relates a number of incidents in the life of an 8th-century bc Hebrew prophet named Jonah. In the first incident, Jonah is commanded by God to “go to… Read More


  I   INTRODUCTION Joel, book of the Old Testament, one of 12 short prophetic books known, primarily because of their brevity, as the Minor Prophets. In Hebrew (Jewish) versions of the Old Testament the book is divided into four chapters; chapter 3 in the Hebrew versions appears as 2:28-32 in Christian versions, and chapter… Read More

Job (book of Bible)

  I   INTRODUCTION Job Afflicted by Satan This 13th-century stained glass window from the Strasbourg Cathedral in France depicts the biblical story of Job. God and Satan test Job to see if he will curse God after losing his possessions and his family and being afflicted by painful boils.… Read More


Holiday, day set apart for religious observance or for the commemoration of some extraordinary event or distinguished person, or for some other public occasion. Holidays are characterized by a partial or total cessation of work and normal business activities and are generally accompanied by public and private ceremonies, including feasting… Read More

Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur

Rosh Hashanah Rosh Hashanah (Hebrew, “beginning of the year”), Jewish New Year, celebrated on the first and second days of the Jewish month of Tishri (falling in September or October) by Orthodox and Conservative Jews and on the first day alone by Reform Jews. It begins the observance of the… Read More

Mardi Gras

I INTRODUCTION Mardi Gras, also known as Shrove Tuesday or Carnival, annual festival marking the final day before the Christian fast of Lent, a 40-day period of self-denial and abstinence from merrymaking. Mardi Gras is the last opportunity for revelry and indulgence in food and drink before the temperance of… Read More

Kwanzaa and Juneteenth

Kwanzaa, (matunda ya kwanza, Swahili for “first fruits”), an African American holiday observed by African communities throughout the world that celebrates family, community, and culture. It is a seven-day holiday that begins December 26 and continues through January 1. Kwanzaa has its roots in the ancient African first-fruit harvest celebrations… Read More

All About Organics – OCA’s Organic Resource Center

Why We Should All Eat More Organic Food Organic Food is More Nutritious Organic foods, especially raw or non-processed, contain higher levels of beta carotene, vitamins C, D and E, health-promoting polyphenols, cancer-fightingantioxidants, flavonoids that help ward off heart disease,essential fatty acids, and essential minerals. On average, organic is 25% more nutritious in terms of vitamins and minerals than… Read More

How to Stay Healthy and Fit on the Road

Eat right and stay healthy while on the road or in the air. BACKGROUNDAccording to the Travel Industry Association of America, there are 44 million business travelers and 93 million recreational travelers. What all of us have in common is leaving – leaving the comfort of familiar surroundings for the… Read More

Healthy Eating Plate and Healthy Eating Pyramid

      A picture is worth a thousand words, and that’s why nutritionists use symbols and shapes to answer the question, “What should I eat?” For nearly two decades, the U.S. government distilled its nutrition advice into pyramids. These efforts didn’t accurately show people what makes up a healthy… Read More

The 8 Healthiest Drinks

By Tamar Schreibman Sip your way to a stronger immune system and a better mood, and reduce your cancer risk with these 8 healthy drinks. Green Tea   When you think of good-for-you beverages, water immediately comes to mind, but there are others worth adding to your diet. “Some drinks… Read More

The top 25 healthy fruits

The top 25 healthy fruits: Blueberries, apples, cherries, bananas and 21 more healthy picks By Cara Rosenbloom, RD Take your pick of the 25 most nutritious, fibre-filled, disease-fighting healthy fruits for sale at your local supermarket. And they’re delicious too! This story was originally titled “A Glossary of Healthy Fruits,”… Read More


  I   INTRODUCTION The Qur’an The inscription on buildings of verses from the Qur’an symbolizes the living presence of the holy book in Islamic society. This tower with decorative Qur’anic inscriptions is in Delhi, India. Gillian Darley/Edifice/Corbis Islam, one of the three major world religions, along with Judaism and Christianity, that profess monotheism, or… Read More


  Buddha (563?-483?bc), Indian philosopher and the founder of Buddhism, born in Lumbinī, Nepal. He was the son of the head of the Sakya warrior caste, with the private name of Siddhartha; in later life he was known also as Sakyamuni (Sage of the Sakyas). The name Gautama Buddha is… Read More

Roman Catholic Church

I INTRODUCTION Roman Catholic Church, the largest single Christian body, composed of those Christians who acknowledge the supreme authority of the bishop of Rome, the pope, in matters of faith. The word catholic (Greek katholikos) means “universal” and has been used to designate the church since its earliest period, when… Read More

Losing My Religion

R.E.M. R.E.M., American rock-music group, pioneers of the so-called alternative style of rock music, and one of the most popular and critically acclaimed bands of the 1980s and 1990s. Formed in Athens, Georgia, in 1980, its members included guitarist Peter Buck, singer Michael Stipe, bassist Mike Mills, and drummer Bill… Read More


I INTRODUCTION Suicide, intentional, self-inflicted death. A uniquely human act, suicide occurs in all cultures. People who attempt or complete suicide usually suffer from extreme emotional pain and distress and feel unable to cope with their                       problems. They are… Read More

How to Make Your Honeymoon a Success

Janice Shaw Crouse, Beverly LaHaye Institute Wednesday, September 19, 2007 In a time when more and more couples are living together without marriage, the honeymoon would seem to be a throwback to an antiquated time when couples actually needed time away and alone to consummate their union after the wedding… Read More

The Importance Of A Christian Honeymoon

To help the newly married couple make the new and more intimate adjustments to each other that marriage requires, a honeymoon of some fashion is planned. “Very commonly the honeymoon takes the form of a trip. This affords a change in environment and removal from old associations. It has importance also in… Read More

Understanding Family Diversity

O U T L I N E Systems Theories and Family Differences Ways in Which Families Are Different Ethnicity, Race, and Culture Economic Differences in Families Gender Role Identity Families and Religiosity Geographic Region Application to Early Childhood Education Programs Celebrating diversity Inclusiveness Ethical Considerations Relating These Factors to Developmentally… Read More

A Turbulence-Free Election in Senegal

Supporters of Macky Sall were celebrating his lead in early counting. By ADAM NOSSITER DAKAR, Senegal — The elderly president of this West African nation conceded defeat after elections here on Sunday, a rare example of a prompt and peaceful political turnover in a region tormented by coups and leaders who… Read More

N.Y.U.’s Plan for Expansion Draws Anger in Community

By JOSEPH BERGER It is perhaps the largest project ever proposed for Greenwich Village, and it has angered many residents in the area as few issues have recently. Opponents say the development would mar one of New York’s signature neighborhoods A huge expansion of New York University is vital, school… Read More

Remarks by President Obama and President John Atta Mills of Ghana

  THE PRESIDENT: Well, it is a great pleasure to welcome and his delegation from Ghana. This gives me the opportunity to return the extraordinary hospitality that they showed not only me, but also Michelle and Sasha and Malia when we had the opportunity to visit last year. There are… Read More

Despite Ohio shooting, school violent deaths down

A group of students and parents pray for victims of a school shooting on the square in Chardon, Ohio, Tuesday. By msnbc.com staff The high school shooting in Chardon, Ohio, that left three students dead culminated a month of bloody gun violence in America’s schools, but experts say it’s not… Read More